Poincaré, Henri

(1854-1912)
   mathematician
   The last great universal mathematician and one of the foremost mathematicians of the 19th century, who made fundamental contributions to almost all the branches of mathematics and their application to the science of physics, Henri Poincaré was born in Nancy and educated in Paris. His cousin was the statesman Raymond Poincaré. one of his most important discoveries (1881) was that of automor-phic functions (which he called "fuchsian" in honor of I. Fuchs, the German mathematician). Poincaré made original contributions, too, to differential equations, linear equations, probability, and analytical mechanics. He did important research involving the electromagnetic theory of light and on electricity, heat transfers, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, and fluid mechanics, and anticipated the chaos theory. He is likewise considered a founder of analytic geometry and topography. Some of his conclusions can be considered as the first draft of the problem of relativity stated by Albert Einstein some years later. Additionally, Poincaré devoted much of his time to reflection on the philosophy of science (he supported the essential role of intuition in all research), and his book La Science et l'Hypothèse (1902) had a great influence on several generations of scientists. He left more than 500 other works. Poincaré was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1887 and to the Académie Française in 1908.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Poincaré, Henri — ▪ French mathematician in full  Jules Henri Poincaré  born April 29, 1854, Nancy, France died July 17, 1912, Paris  French mathematician, one of the greatest mathematicians and mathematical physicists at the end of 19th century. He made a series… …   Universalium

  • Henri Poincare — Henri Poincaré Jules Henri Poincaré [pwɛ̃kaˈʀe] (* 29. April 1854 in Nancy; † 17. Juli 1912 in Paris) war ein bedeutender französischer Mathematiker, theoretischer Physiker und Philosoph. Seine Forschungen hatten auch starke Wi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Poincaré — Henri Poincarés Unterschrift Jules Henri Poincaré [ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Poincare — Henri Poincaré Henri Poincaré Henri Poincaré Naissance 29 avril 1854 Nancy (France) Décès 17 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Poincare — Poincaré ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Henri Poincaré (1854–1912), französischer Mathematiker, bekannt u.a. durch die Poincaré Vermutung; Raymond Poincaré (1860–1934), französischer Politiker. Poincaré bezeichnet außerdem: Poincaré… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poincaré — (Henri) (1854 1912) mathématicien français. Son examen critique de la mécanique newtonienne contribua à l élaboration (par Einstein) de la théorie de la relativité. Il a résolu des problèmes (apparemment insolubles) relatifs aux équations… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henri Poincaré — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poincaré. Henri Poincaré Henri Poincaré Naissance 29 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Poincaré — Infobox Scientist box width = 300px name = Henri Poincaré image size = 250px caption = Jules Henri Poincaré (1854 1912). Photograph from the frontispiece of the 1913 edition of Last Thoughts. birth date = birth date|df=yes|1854|4|29 birth place …   Wikipedia

  • Henri Poincaré — «Poincaré» redirige aquí. Para el político francés, véase Raymond Poincaré. Henri Poincaré …   Wikipedia Español

  • Poincare-Welle — Die Poincaré Welle, benannt nach Henri Poincaré (1854–1912), ist wie die Kelvinwelle eine Flachwasserwelle in einem rotierenden Bezugssystem. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Eigenschaften 2 Vorkommen und Beobachtungen 3 Mathematische Beschreibung 3.1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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